Archive for August, 2008

Lynn H. Wood, A Developing Biography

August 31, 2008
Don… is this the Lynn Wood that Lynn Wood Hall was named for at Southern?
I think so. Here is why:


Lynn Wood Hall & Heritage Museum
Constructed in 1924 and called College Hall, this structure was renamed Lynn Wood Hall in 1945 to honor Lynn H. Wood, president in 1914-15 and 1918-22.

Notice the date, 1945. His journal citation also dates from 1945; same initials, too.

Here is some info on Lynn H. Wood:

1910-11 He taught Science, Mathematics and Building Construction at the Foreign Missions Seminary, Washington, D.C. Source #1; Source #2

1912 He helped establish the church in Baltimore, Maryland. Source; my Adventist History blog post.

1913 He was at Union College in Nebraska. Source; The Adventist History blog post.

1914 He was in charge of the Southern Training School, Graysville, Tennessee. Source; The Adventist History blog post.

1915 February 18. A fire occurred in the girls’ dorm; two injuries, no loss of life. He reported the incident in the Review and Herald. Source; The Adventist History blog post.

The September 23, 1915 Review and Herald states that he was Educational and Missionary Volunteer secretary of the Southern Union Conference.

Some further thoughts:

This is just a beginning of a biographical timeline for Lynn H. Wood. I am impressed with his clarity of thought. He writes expressively, as well.

Re: our discussions about EGW; Lynn Wood demonstrates his creative use of EGW’s writings. He used them to motivate precise action. Eg. His work in establishing a church in Baltimore and his rationale for specific education projects found their beginnings in her counsels.

More later, I hope.


Lynn H. Wood
Neal cited:


Wood, Lynn H. “The Kahun Papyrus and the date of the Twelfth Dynasty”, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 99(Oct., 1945):5-9. — This does not deal directly with the chronology of Genesis 11, but it establishes Egyptian chronology on a secure basis, using the Sothic Cycle. Thus the Old Kingdom was said to have begun about 2800 B.C. This being true, the Flood could not possibly have been in 2348 B.C. as proposed by Ussher.

He wondered if this was the same person to whom Lynn Wood Hall was named for. In answer, I had begun a biographical timeline for Lynn H. Wood posted here.

Lynn H. Wood intrigues me. He wrote colorfully, thought deeply, and served the church as a practical educator, archaeologist and spiritual leader.

So far, I have studied his early life. He taught Mathematics and Science at the Foreign Missions Seminary in Washington D.C. then served at Union College then the Southern Training School in Tennessee. He was youth and education director for the Southern Union. As Union education leader, he encouraged seminars and conventions on Adventist rural schools such as Madison.

Then, I studied his later years. I associate Siegfried Horn with archaeology, but did not realize that Lynn H. Wood was the first Adventist professor to teach archaeology. Siegfried Horn took over when Wood retired. Horn and Wood co-authored The Chronology of Ezra 7 in 1953.

Wood lived in what some call The Golden Age of Adventism. He personified the Age, IMO. His work in Baltimore illustrates this. EGW’s counsel to work for those in the big cities provided motivation for him to do exactly that. They implemented the counsel praying their way through the experience.


Lynn H. Wood – Part 3
First, to give a sense of continuity, I’m including the timeline developed thus far:
1910-11 Taught Science, Mathematics and Building Construction at the Foreign Missions Seminary, Washington, D.C.

1912 Helped establish the church in Baltimore, Maryland.

1913 Union College in Nebraska.

1914 Principal and Mathematics teacher for the Southern Training School, Graysville, Tennessee; 150 students.

quote:The Southeastern Union Field Tidings, June 17, 1914, page 8 (a DJVU file)Prof. Lynn H. Wood arrived in Graysville last week, and has already found much to busy himself with. Work in the preparation of copy for the school Calendar has been his chief burden.

1915 February 18. A fire occurred in the girls’ dorm; two injuries, no loss of life. He reported the incident in the Review and Herald.

1915 The September 23, 1915 Review and Herald states that he was Educational and Missionary Volunteer secretary of the Southern Union Conference.

1916 Educational Secretary, Southern Union Conference.



There is constantly coming to us from the Southeastern Union the rumor that the Hazel Academy is planning to carry twelve grades of work this winter. We would like to take this opportunity of absolutely denying this rumor, and saying that there is no truth in it whatsoever. Hazel has planned all last year and this year to continue as a strong tenth grade school, but that is all. There is not the slightest rumor in this field that she is even contemplating doing anything else.W. R. ELLIOTT, Chm. School Board.

LYNN H. WOOD, Educational Secretary Southern Union.

Southeastern Union Field Tidings, August 30, 1916

1916 The Graysville School Moves to Collegedale. Ministerial Short Course Offered



Farm Purchased and Preparations for Opening School October 18th Under Way…

Special Ministerial Short Course

Arrangements were made for a special course to be given in practical field evangelistic work, covering a period of about two months, and be- ginning about the first of March. This course will cover such subjects as Bible doctrines, sermonic construction, journalism, history, practical field methods, etc. This course is primarily intended for our conference workers now employed in actual field work, many of whom feel greatly the need of some special instruction in these lines. The conferences in the Southeastern and Southern Unions plan to arrange for all of their younger workers to attend this special course. It is expected that Evangelist Carlyle B. Haynes and Prof. Lynn H. Wood will connect with the faculty to assist in giving the instruction during this short course.

While this course is being especially prepared for our conference workers, yet all our regular students in the Bible department will be given the benefit of this course without additional charge. It will be so arranged as to weave it into the regular Ministerial and Bible Workers’ course. This offers a special opportunity for those students who attend this year.

Southeastern Union Field Tidings, September 20, 1916


This Ministerial Short Course illustrates Lynn H. Wood’s creative and practical mind at work.

The Southeastern Union office was located in Graysville, I think. When the school moved to Collegedale, I wonder what became of the administrative geography.


Lynn H. Wood, Part 4
A Visit to Southern Junior College on Opening Day
by Lynn Wood
Field Tidings, November 1, 1916

quote:The opening day of school at Ooltewah found 46 students ready to begin their work. There are 22 boys and 19 girls in the home at the present time, with prospects for more in the next few days. The girls have very comfortable quarters in the big house. The boys are on the hill above the spring and are busy fixing over their cottages, erecting tent houses, and making their quarters comfortable for the winter…It is a very interesting sight to watch the boys and girls talking over the problems that are coming their way, and everyone seems to feel that there is a great future before the school…

This will be a pioneer year for the school, one full of perplexity, one where adjustment will have to be made, and where the spirit of Christ must be manifest. Let us not forget to remember the teachers and students before the throne of grace that God will give them the wisdom necessary to make this the banner year for our educational work here in the South.

— Lynn H. Wood, in Southern Union Worker.

Wood describes the sacrifices people made to help Southern Junior College become a reality:

quote:This is the record of the children of Israel when Moses called on them for offerings with which to build the tabernacle. Bracelets, earrings, rings, tablets, offerings of gold, silver, brass, blue, purple, scarlet, fine linen, goat’s hair, ram’s skin, badger’s skin, wood, spices and precious stones were brought in in such great abundance that “Moses commanded and they caused it to be proclaimed throughout the camp, saying, Let neither man nor woman make any more work for the offering of the sanctuary.”How the work sped forward when all took hold with willing hands! We have seen the enthusiastic response duplicated in a measure this summer, and hearts have been made greatly to rejoice as we have seen, the generosity of God’s people here in the South when called upon for an offering to the new school enterprise.At one of the campmeetings a brother arose and said, “I have an assortment of old coins in a box in my trunk. I feel that this enterprise would be more profited by turning in these coins than to have them lie there in the trunk. You can have all you can get for them to apply on this fund.”In another meeting a sister said, “I have a valuable violin that has been in the family for years. The stamp shows it to be more than one hundred years old. If you can sell it I would be glad to turn the money toward this worthy enterprise.”

Another sister said, “I have a number of old rings, some quite valuable, that have been lying in the bottom of a chest for a long time. I have no use for them now, and if you can dispose of them I will give the proceeds to the new

A young man said, “I have a valuable mandolin worth $50. I have been so busy of late years I have not had time to play it. If I can get $25 for it I will turn it toward the Ooltewah School fund.”

Another had a French horn, another a camera, and so they kept coming one after another.

Source: Field Tidings, November 22, 1916


Lynn H. Wood, Part 5, 1917
$20 000 to build a girls’ dorm at Southern.
It takes money to accomplish development. Wood often reports on fund-raising projects. In 1917, Southern Junior College launched an ambitious girls’ dorm building project of $20 000. The February 21, 1917 edition of Field Tidings presents this project on page one. I have posted the article on the Adventist History blog

Note the picture of the dorm and the detailed fundraising features.
Use of Ellen White’s Writings

Wood points to EGW’s writings as a source of inspiration. His report

on the work in Baltimore begins with a quote from EGW counseling on the need to work for people in America’s large cities.
During his fundraising efforts for the girls’ dorm at Southern, he quotes EGW’s support of the work in the South.


quote:“God lives and reigns. He will open the way for the neglected Southern field to be cultivated for Him. Let the workers there come up to the help of the Lord, and with joy proclaim His truth. The Lord is soon coming. Talk it, pray it, believe it. Make it a part of the life. You will have to meet a doubting, objecting spirit, but this will give way before firm, consistent trust in God. When perplexities or hindrances present themselves, lift the soul to God in songs of thanksgiving.” Vol. 7, pp. 236, 237. Isn’t that wonderful? “The Lord is at the helm.” Should we not rally there as never before? Could we have a better commander?Southern Tidings, March 7, 1917, page 1.

He unashamedly refers to her counsel as the Lord speaking directly,

quote:As though this was too good to be true, the Lord adds this: “Remember that the Lord looks in compassion upon this field, and that He knows its poverty and its need. The efforts you are making will not prove a failure,” Vol. 7, p. 237.Now, brother, sister, you cannot afford to lose out now. We are too’ close to the end to consider anything else but doing the work God has for us. Says He, “Our churches in the South are to have a spiritual resurrection. A great and solemn work is before the members of every church. They are to come close to Christ in self-denial and self-sacrifice, their one aim being to give God’s message of mercy to their fellow men.” P. 237.Let us come in self-denial and self-sacrifice to build up the institution here in Ooltewah, that this last message of mercy may be hastened. Then if true and faithful, we, with the worthies of Hebrews 11, will be able to recount the mercies of God throughout eternity.(ibid., page 1)

Here we see the positive use of EGW’s writings as a source of inspiration and motivation for service. I submit that this represents the intended purpose of her writings.


Lynn H. Wood – An Early Summary

My study of Lynn H. Wood began with a simple question from Neal. I didn’t realize there was so much about the man. I should probably start a new thread dedicated to this biographical material.

Here’s where my thinking is so far: Lynn H. Wood as:

Educator and Administrator:

From the Foreign Missions Seminary to Union College in Nebraska to the Southern Training School in Graysville. Then, to the Southern Union as Educational Secretary. Back to Southern Junior College as President.

This is where I am now. It seems that he worked in Australia and England later on before taking on Archeaological courses, and others, at the newly formed Theological Seminary in the 1930’s.


From those early days in Baltimore and Lincoln, Wood showed a persistent interest in the financial support of the work.

He ventured into projects that cost money, lots of it. The Baltimore work illustrates this interest; as does his Sabbath School mission offerings at Lincoln; the Ingathering efforts of the four girls at Graysville; fundraising for the new girls’ dorm at Southern; then the boys dorm, etc; Financially astute, administratively assertive, yet humble.


Wood writes well. He expresses himself clearly, forcefully, and with a storyteller’s flair. Editors often made use of his letters in their papers. During the girls’ dorm building project, the Field Tidings often led with a full page article by him, addressing current needs.

Bible Student:

Wood uses Bible stories to accomplish his administrative purposes. He seems to be often in a reflective mode. He will get an idea based on a Biblical story and then weave it into his administrative tasks. Stories that come to mind include, Esther, Pilate, Solomon, and Nehemiah. So far, I have not found scholarly essays by him. His writing uses the Bible to motivate action.

Student of EGW’s Writings:

Wood cites Ellen White’s counsel as reason for working in Baltimore; quoting from Volume 9 of the Testimonies. As he ventured south, her counsel regarding work in the South buoyed him up. He, in turn, used her writings to pass on the inspiration. He brought forward very practical messages, not just ones with fine platitudes. His fundraising articles of 1917 in the Field Tidings make regular use of her concepts of financial sacrifice for the cause.

An Appreciative Observer of Others:

Wood enjoyed being around people. He takes pride in the energetic commitment of the students, for example. When the four girls went off to Knoxville to Ingather for a week, he called the whole student body together to pray for them. When discussing their plans with them, he had them set their financial goal, then led them in prayer asking God to help them reach their goal. He counselled them how to behave out there own their own away from their school community. He obviously cared about them in their adventure.

This interest in people pervades all what Wood writes. His is not a soft, fuzzy attitude but a practical admiration of the human spirit dedicated to the cause.


Girls’ Dorm at Southern – 1917 Fund-raising Device

August 31, 2008

Campaign Begun

Field Tidings, February 21, 1917

The campaign for $20,000 for the girls’ dormitory at Collegedale has begun in earnest. It is planned to raise this money before the middle of August, and $20,000 in cash should be in the school till before the first of September. In order that all the field may know the progress that is being made from week to week, it has been planned to get out the cut shown on this page, and represent thereon the pledges and total cash received. This is a cut of the dormitory that will be erected.

Twelve hundred fifty dollars has been pledged by the Board, and this is represented by the squares in the foundation. There are fifty of these squares shown and each square represents $25. As soon as the money comes in, these squares will be blocked in solid. The windows represent $200 each, and as soon as the money is pledged, a window will be placed in the opening as is shown in the lower left hand corner of the cut. This window has been pledged by Mrs. Catherine D. Elford, and is the first window in the new building. This represents sacrifice, and it is the kind of sacrifice that will finish the work. When the amount pledged on the window has been paid, the curtains will be placed inside of the window. Any person pledging one or more windows will be given recognition that week in the regular issue of the TIDINGS.

The faculty and students have pledged themselves to the amount of $2,000, and so they have been given the roof, together with the dormer windows. These windows represent $125 each, and the shingles $5 each. There are five windows which total $625, pledged by the parties whose names are above them, and 275 shingles, which count $5 each. The students have the honor of paying in the first money on this new building. It will be noticed that six shingles are already blocked in solid. This shows that $30 has been paid in by the students and faculty on their pledge of $2,000.

It is earnestly hoped that everyone will pay in his pledge as soon as he possibly can, and that all our people throughout the field will take an active interest in this campaign and do everything in their power to make it possible for our girls to have a comfortable home this next winter. We ought to have 200 students in school the coming year, and this is possible if we will all take hold and lift hard. The times in which we are living demand the deepest consecration on the part of all. It will be a campaign of faith, and I am sure our brethren and sisters throughout the field will remember this work in their prayers daily that God may open the way whereby the funds can come into the treasury that building operations may not be hindered. There will be a great song of victory rise from this whole South land when we dedicate the building, absolutely free of debt, on September 14.

This cut will appear in the TIDINGS every two weeks. Be sure to watch the pledges and cash grow, and let everyone take an active interest and do his utmost to see the work of the Lord prosper in the field.


Revival Meetings at Graysville, February, 1915

August 30, 2008


When Elder Branson announced a short time ago, “The Lord must needs go through Graysville,” the people no doubt were startled, and wondered, “What’s the matter with Graysville?” To an outsider, he would say, “I have just been up there; I don’t see anything wrong with those people; no one has been murdered at that place; didn’t see anybody drunk; didn’t see any fights, or hear of any disturbance in any way; everybody attending to his own business; all looking pleasant; so I fail to see what’s the trouble.” To an insider it was thought that the preacher had overstepped his grounds, and was misjudging things. “We have been attending to our own business; have been going to church regularly; we have paid our debts; have kept up all our dues; we wonder if he thinks we are not Christians!”

WELL, Elder Branson has been here and has preached every night for a week or more. He told the people what he thought he ought to tell them. He showed them—in spite of all their study—what the Bible had to say about the way Christians should live if they expected to go to heaven. He told things in a plain way; and he told them God’s way; and the people listened. The result, Christians and sinners, as they were exhorted to come forward, filed into the same pews, all alike; hardly could you tell one from the other as they confessed their sins and thanked the Lord for what he had done for them, and promising, by his help, to change and follow him more closely in the future. It was strictly a REVIVAL. So by the end of the meeting, the last night, Sunday, all had made a complete surrender to the Master— —all “sour looks” had been discarded, and “what’s- mine-is-yours” feeling appeared to go over the congregation as they filed out of the church, all PRAISING THE LORD FOR HIS COMING THIS WAY.


A revival meeting lasting for more than two weeks has just been closed in the Graysville church and school. This has been one of the most spiritual meetings ever held in Graysville and has resulted in many conversions and an awakening of the entire church membership.

About February 12 the school faculty began a series of studies with the students on “Steps to Christ,” taking the chapel hour each morning for this work. These lessons took deep root in the hearts of many of the youth and a good spiritual movement was started. Those in charge of the students’ prayer bands began working among the young people through these bands for the purpose of enlisting them in the work that was beginning, and the first meetings of the revival in which the church took part was held Sabbath 13. The following week, instead of conducting public meetings in the church, the town was districted and eleven prayer meetings were conducted each evening in different homes; at the same time the work continued to go on in the school and among the small bands of students who were working together.

All took hold of the work in these meetings most earnestly and a great work was done in this quiet way. The leaders held a special meeting together daily, planning their work in the meetings and holding special seasons of prayer for the success of the revival.

Friday night, Feb. 19, meetings were begun in the church, and for ten days two meetings a day were conducted, aside from some special meetings that were held in the school.

From the first it was evident that God was working among us, and to the first appeal that was made there was a ready response.

Just the day before the meetings were transferred from the private homes to the church the fire came and destroyed the girls’ home. To all of us this seemed like a great calamity, and so it was in many respects; but, yet the Lord used this as a means of turning the hearts of a number to Him who, no doubt, could not have been reached in any other way. Many who had such a narrow escape from the jaws of death were made to realize most vividly the uncertainty of life and the importance of being constantly ready for whatever the future has in store for them. Who can say therefore but that the fire was a great blessing in disguise sent upon us from the heavenly Father above?

The evening services in the church were well attended, many times every seat being filled. Upon some occasions when the invitation was given at the close of the service for individuals to come forward and give themselves to the Lord, as many as 50 to 70 would respond. As with the disciples before the day of pentecost, it was often true in these after- meetings that words of penitance and confession, mingled with songs or praise for sins forgiven, words of thanksgiving and praise were heard, while from others prayers were ascending for forgiveness and acceptance with God. The entire church was stirred and many things that have long existed in hearts that has been a source of discouragement to them and has separated them from the blessings of God were swept away.

Three special meetings were conducted during the last week with the students in the school. These were especially good meetings, and by far the larger part of the young people took an active part.

Sabbath, February 27, seemed to mark the climax in the spiritual tide that had been continually rising in the meetings. Differences between brethren were cleared away and there was indeed a heartfelt confession of sin. It seemed as if heaven had come down to earth, and it was not hard to recognize the presence of heavenly visitors among us.

We will not attempt to say how many conversions there were during the meeting. The last night of the meeting there were probably no less than one hundred who arose and declared that they had gained definite victory over sin during the meetings. Some of these were church members, others were backsliders, while still others were giving their testimony for the first time in life.

This week will be devoted to the work of oganizing the young people for definite work among their friends who have not as yet been reached and we hope that in this way the work of revival will continue among us. We trust that this spiritual awakening is only a foretaste of still better things that the Lord has in store for his people. We were pleased to have Elder C. B. Stephenson with us during most of the meetings, and appreciated the assistance he rendered the work.


Source: Southeastern Union Field Tidings, March 3, 1915.

Fire at the Southern Training School – 1915

August 30, 2008

ON Thursday morning, February 18, at four o’clock, the students of the homes were alarmed by the cry of “Fire!” coming from the girls’ dormitory. The fire had made good headway before being discovered. Before all the girls were taken out, the first floor had gone through in some places, and twelve girls were taken out after the piano had fallen through the floor into the basement.

One girl jumped from her window about twenty-two feet. The fall broke her wrist, and slightly injured her back. She is now in a wheel chair, and we hope that she will soon be with us in school. Another girl rolled off the roof of the porch, and struck on her hip, receiving bruises, but no bones were broken. These were the only girls that received injuries, and we are very grateful to God that no lives were lost.

It was clearly seen at the very first that the building could not be saved, and heroic efforts were made by all the men to save the other buildings. There was no wind, and so, although the water was cut off by the bursting of pipes in the burning building, the other build- ings were saved. The academy was badly blistered, however, and the bake- shop, which stood near the dining hall, was destroyed, as well as the greenhouse. The printing office and boiler house were saved by the bucket brigade.

After the fire the students all came to a six-thirty rally in the chapel, and such a spirit of loyalty and earnestness had never been manifested in the history of the school. A subscription list was started for the help of those students who had lost nearly everything in the fire.

Source: Review and Herald, March 4, 1915

Ingathering – Southern Training School – 1914

August 30, 2008

An Ingathering Experience

ONE of the very best letters of experiences gained during the recent campaign with the Harvest Ingathering REVIEW was received recently from Brother Lynn H. Wood, in charge of the Southern Training School, at Graysville, Tenn. Although it is a personal letter, it contains so much that is of general interest that I am sure Brother Wood will pardon me for giving it almost entire.’ The spirit of loyalty breathed in this experience, the lesson it contains in the intimate relation of prayer and service, and the demonstration as to how those at home may enter into the spiritual experiences of those whom they send out to labor, certainly make it replete with valuable suggestions : —

“Inclosed is a photograph of four of our girls whom we sent to Knoxville with Harvest Ingathering papers, during the week of prayer. They went Friday morning and returned the following Friday morning. They came up in the office the afternoon before they left, and we laid before them the solemnity of their undertaking, and had a study with them concerning the conduct of our young ladies in large cities, and asked them to name a goal for themselves. They replied that they thought it would not be too much to ask the Lord to give them $100. We bowed in prayer and asked the Lord for this sum.

“That evening we had the homes together for evening worship, and set before the entire school the object of the trip and the goal that the girls had set for themselves. We had a remarkable season of prayer, dedicating the girls to their work, and sent them off in an enthusiastic way the following morning. Night and morning the school held them up before the throne of grace, and entered with them into their labors.

“When the girls got to Knoxville, it was cold and windy, but they found a room, and made preparations for work on Saturday night. ‘ It was cold that night, the wind blew severely, no one seemed interested in papers, and the girls came back to their room much discouraged. But after a season of prayer they were cheered, and went to sleep with high hopes of the work the next day. Sunday morning they awoke to find the snow several inches deep and the wind blowing a gale, but they would not be daunted.

“Day after day they plowed through snow and mud, in and out of offices, factories, railroad yards, gathering a dime here and a quarter there, praying as they went that God would plant a desire in the hearts of the people to help them.

“Upon their return all listened eagerly to the reports the girls gave, and the wonderful experiences they had had in answer to prayer. After each had reported, the one selected to name the amount, took from her purse a roll of bills, which had been pinned together into a rope, and flung it out over the audience, and two others lifted the sheet you see in the picture (see the Source link below), with the word ‘Prayer’ made by dollar bills.

“The total amount collected for foreign missions by these girls was $116.25. Considering that the times are so hard, and that the weather was so bitterly cold, we realize that their success was due to the prayers offered in their behalf, which God so signally answered. Never before had the school seen such a remarkable answer to prayer, and many wonderful coincidences between the work in the city and the praying students here at home were related.

“As an example: Saturday evening was the only evening that they really felt discouraged and disheartened, and things seemed to go so hard, and Saturday evening was the evening that our students were engaged in a social affair in the school home, forgetting the mission that they had in a nearby city. It was a wonderful aid to the consecration services that followed, and I think that no one here will ever forget that meeting.

“On the blackboard behind the girls you will see a map of the world, with Graysville at each end of the board. The Sabbath school planned to send a missionary to East Africa from Graysville this last quarter, at the rate of two cents a mile. The Harvest Ingatherers planned to send another missionary west, from Graysville toward the Pacific, to meet the Sabbath school missionary in East Africa on January 1.

“At the present time, including pledges, the Sabbath school has more than made its part,— $150,— and we are looking forward to the finishing of the Harvest Ingathering work, the aim being the gathering of $350; thus making a total of $500 for missions from Graysville school during the last quarter of 1914. We have until the tenth of January to clear our accounts, and I am hoping that we shall make good. It has been a big incentive to the students, and it would make your heart full to see the way they have co- operated in getting this fund.”


Source: Review and Herald, January 28, 1915

Union College Sabbath School – 1913

August 30, 2008

What Union College Sabbath School Did Last Quarter

In a personal letter from Prof. Lynn H. Wood, who is the superintendent of the college Sabbath School, he tells what can be done to increase our offerings to missions.

“Our first quarter’s record,” he writes, ” is finished, and what do you suppose it is ? We have had an average membership of 196 for this quarter as against 105 last quarter. Our per cent of attendance for the entire quarter has been 100. Our total donations for last quarter were $222.62; for this quarter, $439. On Dollar day last quarter we had a donation of $90; on this Dollar day, the thirteenth Sabbath offering was $206.27, an average of over one dollar a member. Was not that fine?

The best part of it is that the students earned that dollar in some way out of the ordinary — making special trips selling papers, books, doing extra domestic work, etc. I wish you could have been here to our enthusiastic meeting; it would have made the tears come to your eyes to see the dollars dropping into the basket — dollars that meant advancement for the work in the Far East.

Barring camp-meeting donations, I think this is the largest Sabbath-school record donation ever made, but it was not that so much that made me rejoice — it was the earnest, willing spirit of the students who gave the money.

We had a toy clock arranged up on the platform with five-dollar ticks. Ushers passed down the aisles collecting the money and calling every five dollars. We had planned for $200, but it ticked only $170. You could see the disappointment written on every face, and immediately after the meeting the students came of their own accord and said, ‘That clock must go clear around, and those who have given will give again.’ So Thursday we set the clock on the platform again, and in chapel sent it around to $206.27.”

H. R. S.

Source: Review and Herald, April 24, 1913

The Work in Baltimore, Lynn H. Wood, 1912

August 29, 2008

The Work in Baltimore, Md.

“A BEGINNING has been made in proclaiming the third angel’s message in the city of Washington, and in other cities of the South and the East; but in order to meet the mind of the Lord, we shall have to plan for the carrying forward of a far-reaching and systematic work. We must enter into this work with a perseverance that will not allow of any slackening of our efforts until we shall see of the salvation of God.

“In Portland, Maine; in Boston and the towns round about; in New York and the populous cities close by; in Philadelphia and Baltimore and Washington, the Lord desires us to proclaim the third angel’s message with power. . . . We must plan to place in these cities capable men who can present the third angel’s message in a manner so forcible that it will strike home to the heart. . . .

” As these workers talk the truth, and live the truth, and pray for the advancement of the truth,- God will move upon hearts. As they work with all the strength that God grants them, and in humility of heart put their entire trust in him, their labors will not be without fruit. Their determined efforts to bring souls to a knowledge of the truth for this time will be seconded by holy angels, and many souls will be saved.”— ” Testimonies for the Church,” Vol. IX, pages 99, 100.

This promise is surely being verified to us here in Baltimore. God has worked for us in a most remarkable way during the past few weeks, and we are glad to tell some of our experiences for the strengthening of other workers in our large cities. About a month ago Elder F. W. Paap and family were asked by the General Conference to leave Riverside, Cal., and take up work in Baltimore. After arriving, they spent nearly a week looking for a suitable location for the mission home, and finally, after much prayer and consultation, they purchased, jointly with the Chesapeake Conference, a double house in Walbrook, one of the best residence districts in Baltimore; so 1611-13 Ellamont St. is now the workers’ home, and the headquarters for the city work. All felt clear that God was leading- to this place, and looked for greater blessings when the time came to locate the tent work for the summer. As soon as we were settled in our new home, we began to look for a tent and a church site.

After considerable hunting, we found a lot that was just what we needed for both tent and church. It was the right size, and of easy access from all parts of the city. It was in the center of a populous residence district, and but five blocks from the mission home. It was marked for sale, and we immediately began to pray and work to get it. Finally we learned the name of its owner, and called him up by telephone, only to find it had been sold the week before. At first we thought we were a week too late, but were impressed that God was going before and would open the way even then if it was his will. And so it was.

The man who had owned it was a doctor, the man who bought it, a contractor and builder. When approached concerning it, he said, ” Yes, I will sell it to you for a church at just what it cost me.” He had purchased two lots, and we got. the benefit of his price, thus saving about $250. The builder told us to call on his architect to draw plans and specifications for the church, and it would cost us nothing. He instructed his lawyer to look up our deed and give it to us free of charge. He is to give us a survey of the lot as well as sewer connections. Altogether, this saves us about $150. We could have obtained no such concessions from the original owner.

” Now,” said the builder, ” when you get ready to build your church, see me and I think I can get you many donations in the shape of material and labor. My electrician will, I think, put up your lights free of charge. If you wish to put a cathedral window in the front of the building, I will ask my glazier to furnish the cathedral glass gratis. I can buy brick at a lower figure than any one else in the building work here in the city, and I will help you along that line.” Thus we saw very clearly how God was opening the way before us, and only too gladly did we press in as fast as we could. Later we found that the lot was too small for the tent that we had on hand. There was a new forty-by- sixty tent ordered to be shipped to the western part of the State, but in some mysterious way we found that it was shipped to Baltimore instead of to its proper destination. We felt sure the Lord’s hand was in this, and thanked him for it. Now we have a fine new tent on a lot all our own in one of the best portions of the city.

As God has gone before us thus far, we have the utmost faith to believe that he will lead all the way, and give us many souls for our hire this summer. At present there is no monument in the way of a church edifice in this city of over eight hundred thousand souls. We are meeting in a hall in the center of the city, where it is so noisy that at times the speaker can not be heard. Many of our people say that they should like to bring friends out to the service, but fear that such a meeting-place might prejudice them. For years the church has longed for a home, and at present there is about eighteen hundred dollars in cash and pledges to cover the lot and building. At every advance step we see the Lord going ahead. The workers have pledged their lives to the work, have renewed their consecration, and have determined to be such vessels that God can fill them with his Spirit, that there may be no hinderings to his mighty workings here in the East.


Source: Review and Herald, August 1, 1912


August 13, 2008

James White developed the Seventh-day Adventist doctrinal thinking on Spiritual Gifts shortly after his wife began to manifest what was believed to be the spiritual gift of prophecy. He presented this essay in the Review and Herald, April21, 1851.


“Sanctify them through thy truth; thy word is truth.”

PARIS, APRIL 21. 1851.


” And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets ; and some, evangelists ; and some, pastors and teachers; for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ; till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ.” Eph. iv, 11-14.

” And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healing, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.” 1 Cor. xii, 28.

When the design of the gifts is clearly seen, then the importance of this subject will be understood. They were given for the perfecting of the church of Christ. When the apostolic church was pure and holy, having just learned the gospel from the Great Head of the church, and having been baptized with the Holy Ghost on the day of Pentecost, the gifts of the Spirit were given to them, for their edification and profit. And we have no Scripture evidence that they were designed -for a limited portion of the gospel age, to be taken away from the church in a few year; but the proof is abundant that they were designed to exist in the church as long as the saints in their mortal state needed the teaching of the Bible and the Holy Spirit.

It is universally admitted that a portion of the gifts exist in the church at this day, such as'” the word of wisdom,” and ” the word of knowledge,” and no one denies that “pastors” and ” teachers” were to be in the church until its perfection. Then if a portion of the gifts were to remain in the church, why not all of them remain? Why should the professed church of Christ pick out from that catalogue of gifts, so freely bestowed by the Great Head, of the church, those that suit them best, and trample the others in the dust ? It is sometimes asserted, by those who oppose the operations of tha Spirit of God, that the gifts were designed for the apostles alone : but if this is true, then the church of Christ has been destitute of ” the word of wisdom,” “word of knowledge,” and the gift of ” faith” for about 1800 years, and those who have professed to be ” teachers” and ” pastors” have assumed a calling which ceased to exist at the death of the apostles. It is therefore very evident that all the gifts run parallel with each other, none of them ending before the rest, and that they were to extend quite through the gospel age.

The gifts were given for ” the perfecting of the saints,” and as the church is in an imperfect state they are all needed. They were to be employed for this purpose ” till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ.” The church has never yet reached this state of unity, knowledge, fulness and perfection therefore the gifts should not be dismissed, until the object for which they were given is gained. It is admitted that they were necessary for the infant church in the days of the apostles, in confirming the covenant with “signs and wonders” and “gifts of the Holy Ghost.” But let it be remembered that Paul’s instructions, relative to the gifts, were given full twenty-five years after the week of confirmation, and the beloved John had his visions in the isle Patmos twenty-six years later still; therefore, none should assert that the gifts of the Spirit were given merely to confirm the covenant. They were then necessary for that object; but they are tenfold more necessary now to bring together the scattered members of the body of Christ, and to perfect the church to stand in the great day of the Lord, and to be changed to immortality when Christ comes in his own, and his Father’s glory. If the apostolic church needed the gifts to enable them to stand in their peculiar trials, how much more are they needed in the perils of the last days to prepare the church to stand firm in the time of trouble ” SUCH AS NEVER WAS.”

But why have the gifts of the Spirit been no more manifest in the church? We think the principal reasons are, first, because the church has been too blind to understand them, being almost destitute of the Spirit, and too proud to acknowledge them before the world, therefore has rejected, those gifts, in which the Spirit of God is most manifested ; and second, because many of those who have shared these gifts have made such poor use of them. Says St. Paul, ” the natural man receiveth not the things of the spirit of God; for they are FOOLISHNESS UNTO HIM ; neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.” Cor. ii, 14. There was a striking example of the truth of this text on the day of pentecost, when the Holy Ghost was poured out upon the disciples. The multitude were amazed, some ” mocking, said, These men are full of new wine.” But Peter shewed to them that those manifestations were a fulfillment of Prophecy, and the work of God.— Whenever the church has become worldly, proud, destitute of the Spirit and blind, they have not been able to discern the things of the Spirit, and have looked upon the operations of the Holy Spirit with suspicion. And in many cases the cry of ” mesmerism” and “fanaticism” has been raised. The most heaven-daring and fatal example of this, was in calling the gracious work of the Spirit in the Midnight Cry, in 1844, mesmerism and fanaticism. Said J. V. Himes at the Albany Conference, in 1845, ” The seventh month movement produced mesmerism seven feet deep.”

But it is a lamentable fact that a great portion of those who have had any of the gifts of the Spirit of God bestowed upon them, have soon become exalted, and have fallen. Such is the weakness of human nature that God has to bring his people through the furnace of affliction in order to save them. He often withholds his rich blessings from his people, lest they make a wrong use of them and perish. It was necessary that the Apostle Paul should have a ” thorn in the flesh,” lest ” through the abundance of the revelations” he ” should be exalted.” It has too often been the case that when the Lord has bestowed any great spiritual blessing, or gift upon any of his humble children, that the church, instead of carefully watching over them to see that they still kept humble, has heaped upon them compliments and flatteries, which in most cases has exalted and mined the brightest lights set in the church.

If the Apostle had not had such an abundance of ” visions and revelations of the Lord,” he would not have needed a ” thorn in the flesh.” This proves that those on whom Heaven bestows the greatest blessings are in most danger of being ” exalted,” and of falling, therefore, they need to be exhorted to be humble, and watched over carefully. But how often have such been looked upon as almost infallible, and they themselves have been too apt to drink in the extremely dangerous idea that all their impressions were the direct promptings of the Spirit of the Lord. And how often has been the case that such have become self-righteous, puffed up, denunciatory, and finally gross fanatics, and the most efficient agents of the Devil to scatter wild fire, and to divide the flock of God. ” Pride goeth before destruction, and a-haughty spirit before a fall.” Prov. xvi, 18,

We think it is a fact that many of the greatest fanatics in the land, have once shared largely in the gifts of the Holy Spirit, but by not having good instruction, they have fallen through pride. This has had a tendency to cause the sceptical and prudent to doubt all the operations of Spirit of God. And in this last hour of Satan’s triumph, when he calls to his aid mesmerism, mysterious knockings, &c. to deceive the people, if God manifests his power, and employs any of the gifts of the Spirit we may expect that a multitude of voices will be raised pronouncing it fanaticism, or anything save the work of the Spirit. But shall we sink in this mire of unbelief, and reject, or prize lightly the gifts of God’s Spirit because some have made a bad use of them ? God forbid.

Men in their blindness and folly have dishonored every precious truth in the Bible, yet we shall not do well to think less of the Scriptures, or any portion of them, because many have made a bad use of them.—
Rather let the servants of the Lord preach the whole truth as revealed in the Word.

The gifts of the Spirit should all have their proper places. The Bible is an everlasting rock. It is our rule of faith and practice. In it the man of God is ” thoroughly furnished unto all good works.” If every member of the church of Christ was holy, harmless, and separate from sinners, and searched the Holy Scriptures diligently and -with much prayer for duty, with the aid of the Holy Spirit, we think, they would be able to learn their whole duty in ” all good works.” Thus ” the man of God may be perfect.” But ‘as the reverse exists, and ever has existed, God in much mercy has pitied the weakness of his people, and has set the gifts in the gospel church to correct our errors, and to lead us to his Living Word. Paul says that they are for the ” perfecting of the saints,” ” till we all come in the unity of the faith.” — The extreme necessity of the church in its imperfect state is God’s opportunity to manifest the gifts of the Spirit.

Every Christian is therefore in duty bound to take the Bible as a perfect rule of faith and duty. He should pray fervently to be aided by the Holy Spirit in searching the Scriptures for the whole truth, and for his whole duty. He is not at liberty to turn from them to learn his duty through any of the gifts. We say that the very moment he does, he places the gifts in a wrong place, and takes an extremely dangerous position. The Word should be in front, and the eye of the church should be placed upon it, as the rule to walk by, and the fountain of wisdom, from, which to learn duty in ” all good works.” But if a portion of the church err from the truths of the Bible, and become weak, and sickly, and the flock become scattered, so that it seems necessary for God to employ the gifts of the Spirit to correct, revive and heal the erring, we should let him work. Yea more, we should pray for him to work and plead earnestly that he would work by the Spirit’s power, and bring the scattered sheep to his fold. Praise the Lord, he will work. Amen.

When the seventy returned, and told Jesus that the devils were subject unto them through his name, he said to them, ” Rejoice not that the spirits are subject unto you ; but rather rejoice because your names are written in heaven.” See Luke x, 17 — 20. Jesus saw their danger, and gave them this caution to save them from exaltation. O, what an instructive lesson is contained in these few words from our Lord. By this we may learn that to possess the gifts of the gospel church is not so much a matter of rejoicing, but rather a cause of humiliation before God, and fear and trembling, lest a wrong use be made of them. But to have our names written in heaven, to know that God owns us as his, is a sufficient cause for any child of God to rejoice.

We say then, that one great reason why the gifts of the Spirit are no more manifest among us, is because the church is not humble enough to bear them. Will the Lord trust those whose affections are still attached to this world, and who have a large share of pride left, with the gifts of the Spirit? If he should it would be very likely to build them up in their errors, and ruin them. This he will not do. The latter rain is coming, and God is waiting to be gracious. The refreshing will come from the presence of the Lord, and it should be our concern to be .ready for it, so as to share it largely.

-” And it shall come to pass in the LAST DAYS, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams. And on my servants, and on my hand-maidens, I will pour out in those days of my Spirit, and they shall prophesy.

” And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath ; blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke. The. sun shall be turned into darkness, and the-moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come.” Acts ii, 19 — 20.

There are many things of importance to us in this prophecy quoted from Joel 2, 28 — 32; some of them we will notice. First, its fulfillment was to be in the last days. There can -be no days later than the last, therefore the last days certainly extend to the Second Advent, and we should expect the manifestations of the Spirit mentioned in this prophecy, until that event. We admit that a portion of the prophecy was partially fulfilled in-the out-pouring of the Spirit on the day of pentecost; but it is not possible to show that it was all then fulfilled, therefore it is perfectly plain that the. entire prophecy has a complete-fulfillment in the ” LAST DAYS ” Second, the signs in the sun and moon the ” wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath,” were not seen on the day of pentecost. No one believes that they were.— But it has been the unanimous and settled faith of those who have been looking for the Lord, that they were not seen until more than 1700 years after the day of pentecost. Third, there is no evidence that any of the disciples had visions on the day of pentecost, and it is not at all likely that any of them were asleep, dreaming dreams on that very exciting occasion. They were exercised only with the gift of tongues. Fourth, it will he seen by referring to Joel that this prophecy refers especially to the “remnant.” “And it shall come to pass that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord [when the saints cry day and night, Luke xviii, 7] shall be delivered : [delivered out of the time of trouble, not converted :] for in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem -shall be deliverance,
as the Lord hath said, and in the REMNANT whom the Lord shall call.” Chap, ii, 32.

Finally we see that the out-pouring of the Spirit, the gift of prophecy and dreams and visions of the Lord, are to be sufficiently remarkable to constitute signs of the Second Advent, and that they are classed with the signs in the sun and moon ; with ” wonders in the heavens and in the earth.” To the sceptic and worldly-wise this sentiment will probably seem heretical ; but when compared with Joel ii, 28—32 ; Acts ii, 14—22, it will be seen to be truth. Heaven and earth will pass away, but God’s word will stand.

As God has ever distributed his spiritual blessings according to the necessities of his people, it is rational and right to conclude that the abundant manifestations of the Holy Spirit, mentioned by the Prophet Joel, and the Apostle Peter were designed for the ” remnant,” just before they enter the ” time of trouble such as never was,” the ” great and terrible day of the Lord.” Before the world was drowned with the flood, God interposed, and Noah was instructed to prepare the Ark.— The Divine power moved upon the beasts, cattle, fowls, and creeping things, and they two by two, moved along “into the Ark with Noah and his family, ” and the Lord shut them in.” Just before fire and brimstone was rained upon Sodom and Gomorrah, two angels were sent to hasten Lot in his escape. God shewed signs and wonders to his people in Egypt, through Moses and Aaron, he also parted the Red sea before them. When the powers of earth and hell were arrayed against Christ and his apostles, the covenant was confirmed by signs and wonders and mighty deeds of the Holy Ghost. And can we believe that the saints are to pass the perils of the last days, the time of trouble SUCH AS NEVER WAS, unaided by the power of the Spirit? Certainly we cannot. He, whose ways are equal, and who knows our wants, will pour out of his Spirit according to the Prophet Joel, and will impart strength to the meek, to enable them to ” stand in the battle in the day of the Lord.” Those who ” seek meekness” and ” righteousness'” will be hid in the day of the Lord’s anger.

Our First Home – By W.C. White – 1936

August 5, 2008

Sketches and Memories of James and Ellen G. White

XXX. Early Memories of Our First Home


(At the beginning of their time at Battle Creek, 1859, the boys ages were: Henry, 11; Edson, 9; and Willie, 4.)

DURING the first two years of their residence in Battle Creek, the White family occupied a cottage on the south side of Van Buren Street, nearly opposite the home of David Hewitt. They found that a larger house was needed to enable them to entertain traveling ministers; and they needed more outdoor space where their three boys could work and play. They decided to avoid, if possible, the monthly payment of rent, which was a financial burden. So search was made for a place that could be bought with their limited means.

The bighearted men who invited James White to bring the Review office to Michigan, and who had provided a home for the publishing work, were now ready to help in getting him a home. At the northwestern corner of the village, about half a mile from the Review office, was found some uncleared land for sale at a very low price, and a plot of one and a half acres was secured for $200.

Kindhearted brethren gave their labor and cleared the land, all except a little grove of second growth oak in the northeast corner, which, at father’s request, was left as a place for retirement and prayer.

The brethren who had seen father’s effort to keep down the expense of the printing work, and knew that in that effort he was drawing less than half pay for his labor in the Review office, knew that he had but little money to put into a house, so they decided to help him build one. A few contributed money, and many gave labor; so, with the little that James White could invest, a six-room cottage was built. It was one and two-thirds stories high and faced east on Wood Street, just at the end of Champion Street.

The front room on the first floor was both parlor and sitting room. Back of this was a small bedroom to the north, and to the south a kitchen, which was used also as a dining room.

Upstairs the front room was broad and roomy, about eight feet high in the center and sloping to four feet at the north and south sides. There were two windows on the east. Back of this large front room were two bedrooms and the stairway. ,

The moving in was quickly accomplished, and almost immediately a twelve-foot lean-to was built on the south side. This was known through * the years as the boys’ room. Later a similar lean-to was built on the north side. This room served many purposes. For a short time it was the residence of my mother’s parents, Robert and Eunice Harmon; later on, after they had moved to a cottage of their own, it was occupied by my father’s parents, John and Betsy White. James and Ellen White greatly enjoyed having their parents near them.

The Neighborhood Well

One of the pleasant features of the new location, was the well of clear, cool water on the southern line of the property. Our neighbor on the south was Jonah R. Lewis, a Sabbathkeeper who with his family had come from Comstock to Battle Creek in 1855. As land was cheap, he purchased four village lots, and built a board and batten house on the northwest corner of Wood and Van Buren Streets.

One of the first things he did after the White family settled near him, was to dig a good well close to the line between his property and that of James White. He also made a pathway from the well to Wood Street, so that all the neighbors in the vicinity could come in and draw water from the well. I remember clearly its wooden curb and windlass and its oaken bucket, and how good the water tasted to thirsty boys. A few rods west from the well and on the north-west corner of his tract, was his barn and cow stable. To the well-built haymow he repaired in those early years three times a day to pray.

White Family Discipline

Not long after this the Kelsey family, from LeRoy, came for a visit one Sabbath, following the afternoon meeting, and remained during a portion of the evening. I had gone to bed in the near-by boys’ room. The singing of advent hymns in those days invariably constituted a part of the social intercourse of devoted Adventist families, and on this occasion, after the family and the visitors had exchanged items of news and words of encouragement, they all joined in song.

The family discipline of both my father and mother was kind but firm. I well remember punishment administered to me by my father in my childhood days, and from my mother I learned of punishment she administered when I refused to obey her and showed a spirit of angry rebellion, when I was a mere babe.

Grandfather White and Sunday Work

Having our grandparents as neighbors was a source of joy to us boys. I well remember one experience with my Grandfather White. For a long time after he came to live in our house, he was in much perplexity over the Sabbath question. He saw that the Bible clearly taught the observance of the seventh day, but he had enjoyed so many experiences of blessed meetings on Sunday that it was hard to relinquish his reverence for that day. Therefore, for several months after coming to Battle Creek, he observed both Sabbath and Sunday as days of rest.

He continued to follow his trade as a shoemaker. With his bench standing near the front door of the long room which constituted his home, he worked several hours a day. One Sunday morning I was surprised to find him at the bench pegging shoes. “O grandpa!” I exclaimed, “don’t you know that this is Sunday?” He answered, “Yes, Willie, but I have decided that one Sabbath each week is enough, and I shall from this time on observe the Sabbath of the fourth commandment.”

The Daily Program

With but little variation, the daily program of the White family was something like this: At six o’clock all were up. Often mother had been writing for two or three hours, and the cook had been busy in the kitchen since five o’clock. By six-thirty breakfast was ready. Mother would frequently mention at the breakfast table that she had written six-eight, or more pages, and sometimes she would relate to the family some interesting portions of what she had written. Father would sometimes tell us of the work in which he was engaged, or relate interesting incidents regarding the progress of the cause, east and west.

At seven o’clock, all assembled in the parlor for morning worship. Father would read an appropriate scripture, with comments, and then lead in the morning song of praise or supplication, in which all joined. The hymn most frequently used was:

“Lord, in the morning Thou shalt hear

My voice ascending high;
To Thee will I direct my prayer.
To Thee lift up mine eye.”

This or some other song of a somewhat similar character was sung with hearty vigor, and then father prayed. He did not offer a prayer, he prayed with earnestness and with solemn reverence. He pleaded for those blessings most needed by himself and his family, and for the prosperity of the cause of God. Any one present not accustomed to such seasons of prayer would be deeply impressed with the seriousness and solemnity of the occasion. To us children, who grew up in the atmosphere of reverence and prayer, this was the common routine, yet we always regarded this hour with solemn seriousness.

When father was away from home, mother conducted the family worship. If both were gone, the one in charge of the home led out. The worship hour was as regularly observed as the hours for breakfast and dinner.

After breakfast, father left promptly for his work in the Review office, except when detained by mother, with a request that he listen to what she had been writing.

After father had left the house, mother enjoyed spending half an hour in her flower garden during those portions of the year when flowers could be cultivated. In this her children were encouraged to work with her. Then she would devote three or four hours to her writing. Her afternoons were usually occupied with a variety of activities, sewing, mending, knitting, darning, and working in her flower garden, with occasional shopping trips to town or visits to-the sick.

If there was no evening meeting, between seven and eight o’clock or later, the whole family would assemble again for worship. If the day’s work permitted us to be called to prayers early, we listened to mother as she read some interesting and instructive article from religious papers or books. Then father, if present, read a chapter from the Bible and prayed, thanking God for the blessings of the day, and committing the family to God’s care for the night.

Review and Herald, February 13, 1936,