The Adventist camp meeting played an important part in conference development. These meetings provided a platform for Adventist speakers to spread their message; encouraged the social networking of Adventists; provided an opportunity for literature and books to be distributed; and other benefits of a free convention.
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THE FIRST SABBATH SCHOOL.
“THERE is good reason for thinking that the first Sabbath-school in this country, if not in the world, was established at Ephrata, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. Of this school Rev. Edwin W. Rice writes to the Sunday School World as follows :
Among the earliest Saturday Sabbath-schools of this country, that at Ephrata, Pa., has long held a prominent place. The late Mr. Pardee, in his Sabbath-school Index, mentions it as “the first Sabbath- school of which we have any authentic, definite and detailed account, extending over a period of a quarter of a century.” This statement might lead some to suppose that there is quite a full history of the school now to be found. But it is not clearly known in what year the school was organized, precisely how it was conducted, nor whether it continued uninterruptedly from its organization to its final discontinuance, after the battle of Brandywine, when the building in which it was held was given up for an army hospital.
The Sabbath-school was first proposed and commenced by Ludwig Hacker (Hoecker), or ” Brother Obed,” as he was familiarly called. He was the teacher of a secular school established at Ephrata, under the direction of the German Seventh-Day Baptists, a denomination which separated from the Dunkers, or German Baptists, in 1728, under Conrad Beissel, who adopted the observance of the seventh, instead of the first day of the week, as the Christian Sabbath.
Beissel and many of his associates were men of education, and they established, at a very early period, a secular school, which soon gained such an honorable reputation that many young men from Philadelphia and Baltimore were sent there to be educated. Ludwig Hacker came to Ephrata, in 1739, as a teacher of this school.
Some time after his arrival, probably in 1740, he projected and commenced a school in the afternoons of their Sabbaths, “to give instruction to the indigent children, who were kept from regular school by employments which their necessities obliged them to be engaged at during the “week, as well as to give religious instruction to those of better circumstances.”
Of the success of this school Dr. Fahnestock, writing in 1835, says : ” It flourished for many years, and was attended with some remarkable circumstances. It produced an anxious inquiry among the juvenile population who attended the school, which increased and grew into what is termed a revival of religion. The scholars of the Sabbath-school met together everyday, before and after common school hours, to pray and exhort one another, under the superintendence of one of the brethren. The excitement ran into excess, and betrayed a zeal not according to knowledge, which induced Friedsam [Beissel] to discourage an enterprise which had been commenced, and was partly under way, viz : to erect a house for its especial use, to be called ” Succoth.” The building was, however, completed some time after the year 1749. It was located upon the brow of the lull, some distance from, and overlooking the chapel and other buildings of the society. It is believed to have been built in the same general style, and of materials similar to the “Sisters’ House,” the small ” Chapel,” and the ” Brothers’ House,” which are still standing, and are still occupied by a few of the surviving members of this religious colony.
The buildings are singular, and of very peculiar architecture, the outside of the walls having been covered with shingles or clapboards. It must be remembered that Beissel and his religious followers adopted a conventical mode of life in 1732, and also the dress of the White Friars, giving monastic names to their members, as Friedsam to Biessel. They commended celibacy, and the holding of the property in common, but did not make either compulsory; they did not approve of paying ministers any salary, and their order of worship was very simple. The society at Ephrata owned a farm, and were offered five thousand acres of land by William Penn, but declined the gift, fearing that the possession of so much property by them might create a worldly spirit.”
By Pennsylvania. Dept. of Public Instruction, Pennsylvania.
Dept. of Common Schools, Pennsylvania State Education Association
Published by Pennsylvania State Education Association, 1875
Item notes: v. 24
Original from Harvard University
Digitized 5 May 2007
Born, February 2, Perth, West Australia. RH19870416, p. 22
Missionary Licentiate, New Zealand, South Conference YB1926, p. 205
July 31, Kelvin Lennard Minchin born
On the faculty at New Zealand Missionary School. YB1930, p. 301
February 4, Joan Marie Minchin born
Youth leader for South New South Wales Conference. YB1932, p. 104
October 30, 1932, Yvonne Mae Minchin born
Youth Leader for Australasian Union Conference, YB1937, p. 72
Sabbath School and Youth Leader for British Union Conference and Irish Mission. YB1947, p. 211
Sabbath School and Youth Leader for the Northern Ireland Mission. YB1950, p. 231
Sabbath School, Temperance and Youth Leader for Northern European Division YB1951, p. 152
Died, February 24, Loma Linda, California. YB1988, p. 569
Alvin Joyner, 23, of Madison, Wisconsin
Review and Herald, February 19, 1953
By Carlyle B. Haynes
It has been demonstrated again and again during the war years and since, that conscientious conviction against bearing arms is not rooted in cowardice. It may and often does, accompany the highest bravery.
To go undefended, without arms, where danger is greatest, and to go to save life and not take it, may require greater devotion and higher courage than to go there well armed.
The most recent example we have had of this is the experience of one of our Adventist men who took Medical Cadet training and was drafted into the Marine Corps. I can best give you his story by quoting from an article that appears on the front page of the Detroit Free Press (Detroit, Michigan), written by Frederick C. Painton, a special correspondent of the United Press, with the First Marine Division in Korea.
Stirring Front-Page Story
Under date of Sunday, January 18,1953, and under a four-column headline, entitled “War Objector Decorated,” the Press story read:
“A husky young sailor told Saturday how he became the first conscientious objector of’ the Korean War to win a medal for heroism in combat.
“He saw his best friend killed in a Communist ambush. He does. not hate the enemy. He carries three pieces of shell fragments in his body, but he never tried to kill a man.
“In a quiet but positive way, Hospital Corpsman Alvin Joyner, 23, of Madison, Wisconsin, is a Seventh-day Adventist. His religion forbids violence.” But during two months at the front, Joyner has won three Purple Hearts, a Silver Star and a Bronze Star. He never carried a weapon.
” ‘It makes you old in a hurry,’ he said. ‘But when you think back it seems like a nightmare, not something that really happened.'” At the Battle of Bunker Hill Joyner was blinded temporarily under his first Communist artillery barrage.” ‘We had 31 men hit in the first half hour,’ he said. ‘1 couldn’t leave the guys lying there. There was a barrage coming in every five minutes. I was trying to get one man with his arm half blown off. Then in came another shell.’
“Joyner started to crawl to the wounded Marine, then ‘realized I couldn’t see.’
“He had been blinded by powder burns from the flash of the exploding shell.
“For the rest of the night, Joyner kept giving blood to the wounded, feeling his way with his hands. Finally his company commander ordered him back to the rear. “Joyner refused to go.
” ‘1 couldn’t have stayed back,’ he said. ‘The cries I heard-you just couldn’t if you had any conscience at all:
“Coming out of a bunker, Joyner stumbled and fell flat on his face. ‘Can’t you see?’ a sergeant asked him.
“‘I haven’t been able to see in some time,’ Joyner told him. Joyner was evacuated but after quick treatment was returned to his company, still with only blurred vision. “The first night back he was wounded again.
” ‘My eyes started bothering me again: he said. ‘Everything was beginning to catch up with me. The company commander personally conducted me to the battalion aid station.’
“They gave him a Bronze Star for Bunker Hill. He got the Silver Star for a combat patrol that ‘never had a chance:
“‘They spotted us before we ever got to the objective,’ he said, ‘and dropped in mortars. A little guy we all liked was hit. A man trying to carry him was hit, too.
“‘I ran to them and was giving this little guy some plasma when a mortar blew the plasma bottle out of my hand. He had enough in him to get over shock.’
“‘With both patrol leaders killed or wounded, it was Joyner who led the men back through a maze of mine fields to Allied lines, carrying ‘the little guy.’ “Joyner still says he does not deserve the Silver Star just ·for that.
“If he’s lucky he will go home soon, because he has three Purple Hearts for wounds.
“Even after a year in Korea he doesn’t smoke, drink, or swear.
” ‘I was pretty lucky in boot camp,’ he said. ‘They didn’t make me fire the weapons. Around here I don’t have to carry a weapon either… ‘I’m not trying to be different. It’s just the way I feel. I think you can be a conscientious objector and still be a good citizen.”’
Story Appears in Many Papers
The foregoing story also appeared in many other United Press newspapers. When news of the exploits of their son reached the parents of Alvin Joyner, who are Seventh-day Adventists, living in Madison, Wisconsin, and was publicized in the local newspapers, they received many letters of congratulation, including one from the pastor of the First Congregational church, Madison, Wisconsin, in which he said: “Let me be among the many who must rejoice with you in the possession of a son like Alvin Joyner, whose story of courageous medical service in Korea is related on the front page of Sunday’s ‘Wisconsin State Journal.
“Had the world more of this testimony it would be a much better place. “I rejoice in the religious impulse which bids him heal and help the wounded and broken, with no weapon at hand but faith and love.”
The religious press representative with the First Marine Division also wrote a story, saying in part:
“Mr. Joyner was injured with shrapnel and powder burns of the eyes while administering blood albumin to a comrade whose life was slowly ebbing away. Realizing the situation and its seriousness and disregarding his own safety; the young corpsman carried his patient to the nearest means of evacuation nearly a mile from their former position. “At the time this is sent to you of the Wisconsin Seventh-day Adventist Conference, I can say in happiness that this young Christian is nearly restored to original health.
“He still remains in Korea assisting the many wounded in the capacity of X-ray technician at ‘A’ medical company some four miles to the rear of the front battle lines.
“As a member of a Christian faith and also religious press reporter, I send this report with the belief that it will be welcome news to Mr. Joyner’s many friends there and elsewhere in the denomination. “I have personally become acquainted with the above gentleman and know that anything said in this statement is but small tribute to him.
“For his part in the story of Korea he has been awarded the Silver Star for bravery and courage above and beyond the call of duty.
“Remaining always an admirer of the Adventist men and their accomplishments in our service contacts,
“Martin P. Hoyle, T/Sgt. U.S.M.C.
ReI. Press Rep.
1st Marine Div. F.M.F.”
There were approximately twelve thousand Seventh-day Adventists in the military forces of the United States in World War II. Forty-five of these were awarded the Bronze Star Medal, six of whom also received Oak Leaf Clusters. Twelve were awarded the Silver Star Medal, two of whom also received Oak Leaf Clusters. One was awarded the Gold Star Medal. Six received Special Commendations. One received the Air Medal. Sixteen were awarded Presidential Citations. Three received Meritorious Service Plaques. Three were given Legion of Merit Awards. One received a Certificate of Merit. Five were given the Soldier’s Medal. One was awarded the Croix de Guerre. And one received the highest award within the gift of the nation, the Congressional Medal of Honor.
These were not all who performed deeds of valor and heroism at posts of danger. But these are enough to disclose that noncombatancy is not destructive of the highest courage and devotion.
A student leader at Broadview Academy. LUH 19461008, p5
President of the freshman class at Emmanuel Missionary College. LUH19480601, p8
Adventist History Library (AHL) is currently developing a comprehensive timeline for the Adventist work in Trinidad. It can be found *HERE* at Covenant Forum’s AHL section.
The Seventh-day Adventist Church in Trinidad and Tobago
Caribbean Union Conference
Both Church entities covering Trinidad and Tobago are part of the Caribbean Union Conference. The Union Conference is responsible for these institutions:
Trinidad, The South Caribbean Conference
Website for the South Caribbean Conference
The Tobago Mission
Website for the Tobago Mission
“The Seventh-day Adventist Church in Tobago operates five schools, four primary and one secondary. There is also an evening school programme that caters to individuals who cannot be absorbed into the regular school system for various reasons.
“More than one hundred persons have been able to access free tertiary level education at the University of the Southern Caribbean Extension Campus, at Harmon.
“The church believes that education is the harmonious development of the physical, mental and spiritual powers, hence the reason for our great emphasis on education.
“The Harmon School of Adventists located at Rockly Vale, Scarborough in Tobago is the secondary school run by the Tobago Mission.
“Our Primary schools are Charlotteville Seventh-day Adventists Primary School, John Roberts Memorial Primary School , North Regional Sevnth-day Adventists Primary and Scarborough Seventh-day Adventists Primary”
1894, A. E. Flowers: Minister to Trinidad
Review and Herald, February 6, 1894, p. 16
Tuesday, Jan. 30, brother A. E. Flowers, of the Bible school of this city, was solemnly set apart to the work of the gospel ministry, preparatory to his leaving for the island of Trinidad, to engage in missionary work in that island and vicinity. The exercises were held in the chapel of the new College building, conducted by Elders Durland, Prescott, and the writer. The evening following, brother Flowers left for his home in Missouri, to make immediate preparation to depart on his mission.
Flowers Sails on S. S. Trinidad
Review and Herald, February 20, 1894, p. 16
ELDER A. E. FLOWERS and wife sailed from New York, Feb. 17, on the steamship “Trinidad,” bound for the island of Trinidad, where an interest has so lately been awakened in our work by reading, and where the people are calling loudly for the living preacher.